Manipal Curriculum

The Manipal University BSc in Health Sciences program leads to a three-year Bachelor of Science degree; the first two years of the program provides all required pre-medical courses allowing students who successfully complete those two years to gain guaranteed admission into American University of Antigua (AUA) College of Medicine.

The program leads to a two-year Bachelor of Science degree and incorporates college-level science and humanities courses with pre-medical style courses.  This track is ideal for highly motivated graduating high school students who are committed to medicine.  Successful students have the option to enter AUA College of Medicine.

Manipal University’s BSc in Health Sciences program permits students to accelerate their career plans by offering all medical school pre-requisite courses in a span of two years.

Semester I

Introductory Biology I with Laboratory

General Chemistry I with Laboratory

Pre-Calculus

English and Composition I

Semester II

Introductory Biology II with Laboratory

General Chemistry II with Laboratory

Calculus

English and Composition II

Semester III

Organic Chemistry I with Laboratory

General Physics I with Laboratory

Introduction to Psychology

Cell Biology

Semester IV

Organic Chemistry II with Laboratory

General Physics II with Laboratory

Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology

Genetics and Microbiology

Note: Genetics and Microbiology are also offered as separate courses, and both may be required in the future.

Semester V

Environmental and Occupational Health

Health Communication

Biostatistics

Basic Epidemiology

Semester VI

Cultural Competency in Health Care Sciences

Bioethics

Nutrition and Non Communicable Diseases

Course Descriptions

Courses offered are Introductory Biology I and II with Laboratory, General Chemistry I and II with Laboratory, English and Composition I and II, Psychology, Genetics and Microbiology, Human Anatomy and Physiology, Cell Biology, general Physics I and II with Laboratory, Organic Chemistry I and II with Laboratory, Pre-Calculus and Independent Research.  Introductory Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Organic Chemistry are also offered as separate laboratory and lecture courses.

INTRODUCTORY BIOLOGY I

This course begins the exploration of the basic principles of biology, with an emphasis on those topics that are required for a successful performance on the MCAT and related exams.  The first semester introduces the student to the scientific method, chemical and physical science basics for biologists, cell structure, biochemical pathways, and finishes with a rigorous survey of genetics. The course consists of lecture and laboratory portions.

INTRODUCTORY BIOLOGY II

This course continues the exploration of the basic principles of biology, with an emphasis on those topics that are required for a successful performance on the MCAT and related exams.  The second semester covers evolution, plant structure and function, and animal structure and function and ecology.  The course will consist of lecture and laboratory portions.

GENERAL CHEMISTRY I

This course begins our exploration of the basic principles of general chemistry.  It covers the structure of atoms, the periodic table, and the types of bonding and their consequences. We conclude with a discussion of the states of matter.  The course consists of lecture and laboratory portions.

GENERAL CHEMISTRY II

This course continues our exploration of the basic principles of general chemistry.  The course begins with and examination of the general properties of solutions, and then provides a substantial introduction to chemical kinetics with applications to acid-base reactions and solubility.  The laws of thermodynamics are then discussed.  The course concludes with and introduction to electrochemistry and nuclear chemistry.  The course consists of lecture and laboratory portions.

PRE-CALCULUS

This course develops techniques and concepts prerequisite to calculus through the study of trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic, polynomial and other functions and their applications.  This course is intended for students with one year of high-school algebra.  The course consists of lectures and a recitation.

CALCULUS    

This course serves as an introduction to the fundamental concepts of calculus and their applications.  It covers limits, derivatives of algebraic and trigonometric functions, applications of the derivative, integration and application of the definite integral.  The course consists of lectures and a recitation.

ENGLISH COMPOSITION I

This course fosters the development of fluent, effective and confident writers.  It expands the student’s abilities and versatility in reading, language awareness, and composing for a range of purposes, audiences, and situations; including academic research writing.  The course consists of lectures and a recitation.

ENGLISH COMPOSITION II

This course continues the development of fluent, effective and confident writers.  The course consists of lectures and a recitation.

INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY

This course serves as an introduction to the science of psychology.  This course has been designed to permit an intensive analysis of experimental and applied psychology in addition to surveying the entire field.  This will be accomplished through participation in individually-directed learning activities.

INTRODUCTORY PHYSICS I

This course begins the exploration of the basic principles of algebra-based physics.  The course covers classical mechanics, fluids, waves and heat.  The course consists of lecture and laboratory portions.

INTRODUCTORY PHYSICS II

This course continues the exploration of the basic principles of algebra-based physics.  The course covers basics of electrical physics, power, electromagnetism, optics, quantum theory, relativity, radioactivity and nuclear physics.  The course consists of lecture and laboratory portions.

CELL BIOLOGY

This course will introduce the student to the molecular and biochemical bases for cell structure and function.  Topics that are covered include cell types, membrane organization, solute translocation, endocytosis and exocytosis, the mechanisms of signal transduction, organellar structure and function, replication, transcription and translation, certain biochemical pathways, growth control and oncogenesis.  Examples used will include descriptions of medical conditions induced by cellular malfunctioning.

HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

This one-semester course offers a survey of human anatomy and physiology at the cellular, tissue, and organ system levels of organization.  Topics to be discussed include: anatomical terminology, aspects of physiological function and the integumentary, digestive, excretory, circulatory, respiratory, skeletal, muscular, nervous, sensory and endocrine systems. Dissection of human cadavers is required.  The course consists of lecture and laboratory portions.

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I

This course begins the exploration of organic chemistry.  Topics covered include nomenclature, structure and reactions of alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, alkyl halides, aromatics, stereochemistry, mechanisms and dynamics of organic reactions.  The course consists of lecture and laboratory portions.

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II

This course continues the exploration of organic chemistry.  Topics covered include nomenclature, structure and reactions of alcohols, ethers, carboxylic acids, aldehydes, ketones, arnines, heterocycles, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and proteins.  Synthesis and reaction techniques are emphasized.  The course consists of lecture and laboratory portions.

GENETICS AND MICROBIOLOGY

This course provides a comprehensive introduction to the sciences of genetics and microbiology.  Topics to be covered in the genetics portion include basic Mendelian genetics, probability, extensions to Mendelian genetics, pedigree analysis, molecular genetics [structure of nucleic acids and proteins, the central dogma, replication, transcription and translation], the genetics of bacteria and viruses, the control of gene expression, the genetics of development, population genetics and quantitative genetics.  The microbiology portion is an in-depth study of the distinguishing characteristics of microorganisms based on structural-functional relationships, taxonomy, growth, and physical-chemical agents of control including antibiotics, metabolism, and genetics.  Introduces applied microbiology emphasizing infectious diseases, microbial physiology, basic concepts of immunology, mechanisms of resistance and microbial ecology.  The course will consist of lectures and a demonstration.

Genetics and Microbiology will also be offered as separate 4 credit courses.

ENVIRONMENTAL AND OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH

The course provides opportunities for students to develop knowledge and understanding of the concepts that globalization and rapid industrial growth in the last few years has resulted in emergence of environmental and occupational health related issues.  It is aimed at highlighting issues like poor enforcement of regulations and policy; low levels of safety consciousness at workplace and limited awareness about environmental and occupational hazards have led to emerging health problems.  Confounding factors like lack of trained human resources, research facilities, and strong training programs in the field of environmental and occupational health will be emphasized as a part of the curriculum.

HEALTH COMMUNICATION

The course will provide an insight into the concepts of health communication like promotional health information, public health campaigns, health education and communication between a doctor and patient.  Health communication has to be tailored to the audience and the situation and the course will emphasize the importance of research into strategies that inform people ways to enhance health and avoid specific health risks.  It will also enable the student to realize the prospects of health communication as a profession.

BIOSTATISTICS

Biostatistics is the application of statistics in biological sciences.  The course emphasizes the application statistics to a wide range of topics in human health.  It will provide a purview of application of basic statistical techniques to scientific research in health related fields including medicine, epidemiology and public health.  The course will help analyze the role of biostatistics as an indispensable tool in improving health and reducing illness.  It will essay the role of biostatistics as a tool to interpret the data collected during research activities.

BASIC EPIDEMIOLOGY

Epidemiology is the cornerstone of public health which studies the patterns, causes and effects of health and disease in defined populations.  It provides a platform for evidence based practice and helps identify the risk factors for diseases and interventions to prevent the same.  The course provides an insight into the different branches of epidemiology and applications of epidemiology in various biological sciences.  Major areas of epidemiology like disease surveillance, screening, biomonitoring and outbreak investigation will be covered during the course.

CULTURAL COMPETENCY IN HEALTH CARE SCIENCES

Culturally competent health care delivery system is not just the responsibility of the government, but it is every single stakeholder’s responsibility.  The course provides knowledge of cultural customs that enable health care providers to offer better services without misunderstandings.  Interpreters and language services play a key role during health care delivery.  The course will enable the students to identify the impact of culture on human health practices.

BIOETHICS

Bioethics has been increasingly recognized globally and has played a pivotal role in public health, clinical trials and medical genetics.  The course intends to introduce the student to the concept of bioethics at an undergraduate level and emphasize tis importance in any research endeavors the student would like to pursue in later life.  Origin of bioethics like Nuremberg code, Declaration of Helsinki, Belmont report, etc. will be discussed.  Case based discussions for principles of bioethics will be emphasized as a practical approach to the concept.

NUTRITION AND NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

The course aims to improve the student’s knowledge about the challenges and threats posed by non-communicable diseases and to address major risk factors like unhealthy diet and inadequate physical activity.  Non-communicable diseases are responsible for 63% of 57 million deaths worldwide and are disproportionately high in low and middle income countries.  NCDs are projected to cause almost three quarters as many deaths as caused by communicable, perinatal, maternal and nutritional diseases by 2020 and to exceed to be the most common causes of deaths by 2030.  The course aims to generate the student’s interest, develop expertise and promote research based activities in the role of nutrition to counter NCDs.